The most famous mistakes in art


Everyone makes mistakes. Ordinary people even enjoy seeing great masters make mistakes.

And if scientists have the opportunity to correct their shortcomings, then people of art leave their creations to posterity. We will tell below about the most amazing blunders of the great creators of the past.

Great Romanesque crucifixion of San Damiano. This creation was made in the 7th century by an unknown master. It became famous because it was before this crucifixion that Saint Francis of Assisi prayed before God endowed him with the idea of ​​the reformation of the Roman Catholic Church. However, the ancient creation turned out to be very ambiguous. For a long time, this crucifixion was the de facto standard for subsequent Christian icons. This has been the case for hundreds of years. This continued until a copy of the canonical work adorned the walls of the Worr Akres Church in Oklahoma. Believers suddenly saw that the form of Jesus' press was depicted as a phallus! Either the artist misinterpreted the image, or he decided to play a joke and bring a little eroticism to the church. Perhaps the master believed that in fact the press should look like this, in the form of a phallus. As a result, the American artist was forced to remake the copy so that it would not embarrass more parishioners.

A man with three legs at Norman Rockwell. Art critics can admire the general idea of ​​the painting, but ordinary people who do not understand anything in high art can find very strange things there. This happened with one painting by Norman Rockwell. For a long time, one interesting detail has escaped the eyes of numerous experts and connoisseurs. The artist himself produced works like a conveyor belt. During his life, Rockwell created about 4,000 works. Almost all of them are dedicated to ordinary Americans who go about their daily business. The seeming simplicity of the paintings is deceiving, the artist has many admirers. Some connoisseurs even believe that Rockwell is the greatest artist of the 19th century. Glorified his work, published on the centerfold of the newspaper "The Saturday Evening Post". They turned out to be a shining example of a person who glorified American culture. New covers came out of Rockwell's hands every two weeks. All of them were imbued with love for the country and its ordinary people. The whole world could observe firsthand the real American dream. The artist managed not only to really embellish, but to convince the citizens of other countries that America lives some kind of fairytale life of its own. And the very idea of ​​the American Dream became popular among the masses. One of Rockwell's classics is called "People Reading Stock Market Briefs." It depicts four people studying the stock prices featured on the poster. This picture was featured on the front page of the newspaper. But the master was apparently so tired that he made one imperceptible, but significant mistake. Funny Europeans could only interpret this in one way - mutants live in America! The fact is that the young man in the red sweater is leaning on his third leg! His two limbs are brought together and straightened, but a third leg is visible under the apron. She is bent at the knee and the guy rests on her with his hand. Soon the artist realized that he had depicted something wrong. He was shocked by his own inattention. When Richard Halpern wrote a biography of the outstanding artist, he noted there that Norman Rockwell was extremely reluctant to talk about his work. And the unidentified third limb was called by him only as an unidentified phallic symbol. Are artists so excited about this topic that it is constantly encountered in their works?

Michelangelo's masculine women. In many paintings of the great artist, athletic and pumped-up people are not male athletes, but the most that neither is women. If a modern person begins to closely study the work of an Italian, then his weakness for unnaturally pumped ladies will quickly be revealed. But in the 16th century, bodybuilders were not yet in nature. Perhaps the master just had a soft spot for athletic transvestites? Everyone knows that Michelangelo was a real genius, but what pushed him to portray a woman who looks so much like a bodybuilder? We would forgive the artist for this weakness, but one day he decided to go further - to draw naked Hercules with female breasts. Meanwhile, historians offer a simple answer. There is little doubt that Michelangelo was a homosexual. However, so that his works did not directly indicate this, he diluted the naked figures of men with female bodies. And the models for them were all the same athletes who posed for the artist. That is why those representatives of the fairer sex who are depicted by the master are hard to call weak. This version is also supported by the shape of women's breasts, which look extremely unnatural on such bodies. Breasts look like they were sewn by a plastic surgeon. Naturally, this was out of the question in the 16th century. A vivid example of such strange forms is the Last Judgment fresco decorating the Sistine Chapel. One of the women seems to have glued breasts.

Horns at Moses. The man with horns is not at all a devil or any other creature of Hell. This is Moses, who is so depicted in the ten canonical commandments. According to the biblical story, these 10 basic laws of life were given to the Jewish prophet by the Lord God himself. In confirmation of such an unusual appearance of the legendary character, there are many paintings, sculptures and other works of art. In all of them, Moses is invariably depicted with satanic horns on his head. But what are they doing there with the holy character? If God really exists, then the written work known today as the Bible has very little to do with him. After all, the holy scriptures have been repeatedly rewritten throughout the history of mankind. New rules and doctrines appeared, which the clergy skillfully imposed on believers. Language became another obstacle to the correct distribution of the Bible. The point is that a sentence in Hebrew can take on a completely different meaning in other cultures. The confusion with the presence of untranslatable words in the original source has created confusion. After all, they simply did not have synonyms in another language. It is also worth considering the mentality of various peoples, who interpreted the phrases each in their own way. There is a high probability that the Satanist horns of Moses appeared thanks to the works of the famous Saint Jerome. At one time he translated the Bible from Hebrew into Latin, this work turned out to be very awkward. But this version of Scripture became very popular and was called the Vulgate, which means "publicly available." The translator decided that the horn-shaped rays illuminating the prophet would be incomprehensible to believers and replaced them with devil's horns. So the images of Moses appeared in this form. The creative tradition has existed in art for about a thousand years. Its most famous implementation is Michelangelo's marble sculpture "Moses". It occupies the main place in the sculptural composition on the tomb of Pope Julius II in the Roman basilica of San Pietro in Vincoli. When the creator was creating his work, he learned about the erroneous translation, but decided not to argue with the canonical version and left the prophet his horns. Thus, unwittingly, Michelangelo became one of the first in a whole galaxy of talented masters who, with their work, only strengthened such an image of Moses - with horns on his head.

William Penn's indecent gesture. This man is considered one of the founding fathers of the modern American state. At one time, he founded a whole colony for Europeans who did not want to obey the colonial authorities. This place was named after himself by him, Pennsylvania. In 1894, a monument to this historical figure was erected in Philadelphia. A bronze William Penn appeared at the top of the clock tower of the local City Hall. The figure turned out to be rather big - as much as 11.28 meters. This is the tallest sculpture installed on top of the building. However, many find that Penn is waving his genitals down to the residents of the city. To be convinced of this, it is enough to visit Philadelphia. There, any local resident, especially a male, will tell and show the details of this indecent story. If you look at the bronze giant from afar, it turns out that Penn is waving his big cock in greeting. Only by getting closer will it turn out that this is a figment of an unhealthy imagination. In fact, one of the founders of the United States is waving his hand. Just from a certain angle, the figure looks indecently strange. The author of this monument was Alexander Milne Calder. He probably assumed that city dwellers would look at his work from the bottom up, gazing at Penn from the square below the tower. But over time, it turned out that the statue is best seen from First Pen Square Street. And pedestrians cannot get rid of the thought that they are watching the penis of a respectable citizen. From the side of the JFK square, the sight remains the same unsightly. Today we can only guess whether this was the idea of ​​a concerned author or whether modern society is to blame. After all, sexual promiscuity led to the fact that people began to catch a hint of a phallus in any objects of a similar shape.

Rembrandt's secret passions. It seems that it is becoming fashionable to suspect homosexual tendencies among classical artists of the past. Historians and culturologists are constantly looking for new evidence in the biographies and paintings of the greats. This trend did not pass by Rembrandt. As proof of his love for men, the famous painting "Night Watch", painted in 1642, is cited. On it, the famous artist depicted soldiers preparing for a performance. Only now the shadow from the hand of Captain Frans Kok, giving the order, awkwardly lay on the groin area of ​​Lieutenant Willem van Ruutenberg. Although it seems absurd to incriminate Rembrandt on the basis of this fact, such an absurd theory created a scandal, and they began to inflate it further. Fans of historical conspiracies and secrets came to the conclusion that in this way Rembrandt decided to ridicule the customers of his painting. The fact is that the artist did not like the military and could not deny himself the pleasure of laughing secretly at them. This story adds scandalousness and the girl in the background. After all, a dead cock hangs on her belt, which is also a direct allusion to the non-standard sexual orientation of the brave musketeers. Rembrandt obviously decided to play a trick on the dimwitted Captain Kok. After all, he with a smart look in his right hand in a glove holds another glove. And right too! Researchers recently took an X-ray of the painting. It turned out that in the process of creating the picture, it was the groin of Reutenburg that underwent the greatest number of changes.

Crazy Horse Memorial. This sculpture was created by Korczak Zyulkowski. It depicts a famous episode in Indian history. One white man asked the warrior Crazy Horse from the Oglala Lakota tribe: "And where are your lands now?" The Indian pointed into the distance and replied to the invader: "My lands are where my grave is." The sculptor's mistake is that he underestimated the significance of gestures. What is considered friendly in Russia may well turn out to be a fatal insult in Africa. In this case, Zulkowski depicted an Indian with an outstretched hand and an exposed index finger. But among the Indians, such a gesture is traditionally considered rude and aggressive, it is a sign of hatred and contempt. For Europeans, an analogue can be considered an upward middle finger, meaning "Fuck you". As a result, the phrase acquired a different meaning. The indigenous inhabitants of the earth now interpret the sculpture differently. It seems that the warrior replied: "My land is where your graves are." Thus, instead of symbolic obedience to fate, a picture of readiness to fight emerged.


Watch the video: 10 Digital Art MISTAKES You Are Making!


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