People are used to flowers, considering them an integral part of life. But not all flowers can be easily obtained, put in a vase, and then enjoy the appearance and fragrant smell.
It turns out that strange and rare plants are hidden in different parts of the world, whose flowering most people will never see. After all, some types of plants and flowers have literally remained in a single copy or live exclusively in a certain area.
Jade vine. You can find this rare woody vine in the rainforest in the Philippines. She belongs to the legume family. The vine has smooth and trifoliate leaves that grow in clusters. Their length can reach 3 meters. And the color of the flower can vary from bluish green to mint. Man does not cultivate these plants. The jade vine is considered an endangered species. After all, its habitat is constantly narrowing, as is the number of natural pollinators.
Rafflesia. Another name for this plant is cadaveric lily. And this rare flower grows in the tropical jungle of Indonesia. Not only is rafflesia quite rare, its size is also one of the largest in the world. The flower diameter can be up to 1 meter. Rafflesia has no roots, no leaves, and no stem. This parasite plant needs host tissues. And the unique flower is distinguished by the smell of decomposing meat. This is how rafflesia attracts insects to pollinate it. And the flower does not live long - only a week. After that, it fades, turning into a mountain of black mass.
Lichnis of Gibraltar. This variety of lychnis is quite rare, because it is found only on the rocks of the Strait of Gibraltar. Even before 1980, the scientific community believed that this flower was extinct. And only the botanists of Gibraltar claimed that there are still several specimens. In 1994, a climber discovered a single Lichnis flower. This gave the plant a second life. Since then, it has been cultivated not only in the botanical gardens of Gibraltar itself, but in the Royal Botanic Gardens of London.
Franklinia. This tree belongs to the Tea family. But this is the only plant of its kind, and also rarely blooming. Franklinia naturally grew in the valley of the Alatamaha River in Georgia. But for about 200 years it has not been found there. Only thanks to the Bartam family was it possible to preserve the unique plant. These avid gardeners began to cultivate and breed Franklinia even before its disappearance in the natural environment. The plant has elegant white flowers and its green leaves turn bright red in autumn. Today, all Franklinia specimens are descended from those that once lived in the Bartam family.
Cleantus. Already in 1844, this beautiful flower was officially recognized as an endangered species. It grows in the Canary Islands. Scientists believed that the rarity of the flower is due to its natural pollinator - the sunbirds, which themselves have become extinct long ago. There have even been experiments to recreate another natural pollinator, but not a single fruit has appeared since 2008. The flower is still growing in captivity, waiting for people to give it a second life.
Chocolate space. This deep red flower grows in Mexico. But it hasn't been found in the wild for over a hundred years. Scientists today support the life of an infertile clone of the plant, created back in 1902. And the flowers of the plant are of a thick red color, they are 3-4 centimeters in diameter. In the summer, they smell like vanilla.
Kokyo. This rare tree can be found in Hawaii. Scientists discovered it back in 1860, but were able to find only a copy. Unfortunately, cochio is very difficult to cultivate. In 1950, the last sprout of the tree withered and was declared extinct. But in 1970, another such tree was discovered, which burned down after 8 years. Only 1 branch was saved, from which patient botanists were able to grow as many as 23 new trees. They still grow in different areas of these islands today. And the kokyo itself is a small tree 10-11 meters in height. During flowering, it literally explodes with hundreds of bright red flowers.
Yellow and purple shoes. A rare species of wild orchid that grows in Europe is known under this name. In greenhouse conditions, the plant practically does not live, which determines its rarity and high cost of the flower. So, in England it costs about 5 thousand dollars. And the orchid lives in symbiosis with a special kind of mushrooms. He gives food to his neighbor, until his adult leaves learn to get food for themselves.
Phantom Orchid. This amazing plant has also been considered extinct for 20 years. It is also intolerant of greenhouse conditions. The orchid also has no leaves, it does not use photosynthesis in any way, producing nutritious juices in another way. Like a shoe, this plant also needs specific mushrooms for its food. For years, a ghostly orchid can grow underground, but blooming is extremely rare and only under the most favorable conditions.
Red camellia. This plant is rightfully considered the rarest on Earth. There are only 2 known specimens of camellia. One grows in a garden in New Zealand, and the other in a London greenhouse. And the flower got to England back in 1804 thanks to John Middlesmist, who brought it here from China. Years passed, in the very Celestial Empire the flower practically disappeared. In England, the plant did not give fruit for a long time, only recently flowers began to appear on it. Although camellia is called red, its flowers still have a bright pink color, resembling roses. It is believed that there are several more specimens of such a plant in private gardens. Indeed, at one time, John Middlemist sold the sprouts of a unique plant to the most ordinary people.